Sweden (i/ˈswiːdən/SWEE-dən; Swedish:Sverige[ˈsvæːrjə]listen), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860sqmi), Sweden is the third-largest country in the European Union by area, with a total population of over 9.8 million. Sweden consequently has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sqmi), with the highest concentration in the southern half of the country. Approximately 85% of the population lives in urban areas. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, it expanded its territories to form the Swedish Empire, which became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were gradually lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, beginning with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809. The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union.
The name of Sweden (Swedish Sverige[ˈsvær.jə]listen) is ultimately derived from the ethnonym of the Swedes.
The English name was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland.
The Old English name of Sweden was Sweoland or Sweorice, land or realm of the Sweonas, The Germanic tribes of the Sviar (Old NorseSvíþjóð). The name of the Sviar itself is derived from a Proto-Norse*Swihoniz, presumably a self-designation containing the Germanic reflexive *swe- "one's own, self".
The modern English name Sweden is exceptional in being loaned from Dutch. Before the gradual introduction of Sweden in the 17th century, English used Swedeland.
It is based on Middle DutchZweden, the Dutch name of Sweden, and in origin the dative plural of Zwede "Swede".
It has been in use in English from about 1600, first recorded in Scottish Swethin, Swadne.
Country names based on a dative plural in -n became productive in German and Dutch in the 15th century; compare German Italien "Italy", Spanien "Spain", Rumänien "Romania", Ungarn "Hungary".
It has also stated that "Sweden's partnership with NATO contributes to increased security in our immediate area, while a NATO membership would have the opposite effect" ... However, the SAP's decision incurred fierce criticism in Sweden ... "Through this decision, Sweden contributes to making the world more militarized and polarized.
Stockholm, (UrduPoint / PakistanPointNews - 15th May, 2022 ) .After decades of staying out of military alliances, Finland on Sunday officially announced it would apply for NATO membership, with neighbouring Sweden expected to follow suit soon ... Sweden, meanwhile, adopted an ...
STOCKHOLM ― Throughout the Cold War, "non-aligned in peace, neutral in wartime" was not only Sweden's security doctrine, but also helped shape the national identity and self-understanding of the Swedes... Pro-NATO developments in neighboring Finland are also influencing Sweden's security debate.
After decades of staying out of military alliances, Finland on Sunday officially announced it would apply for NATO membership, with neighbouring Sweden expected to follow suit soon ... Sweden, meanwhile, adopted an official policy of neutrality at the end of the Napoleonic wars of the early 19th century ... Sweden.
The decision of Finland and Sweden to apply for membership of NATO is a damning rebuke to the strategic foresight of Russia’s president, Vladimir Putin... However, the choice of Finland and Sweden suggests that they have the argument upside down ... Both are long-term members of the Partnership for Peace.
Sweden’s parliament issued a report Friday that said joining NATO would “raise the threshold” for military conflict ... But Sweden and Finland’s close partnership means they are expected to move together ... Finland and Sweden’s strong bilateral partnership almost guarantees neither would make a move if they thought the other would balk.
“And certainly, having a strong partnership with a range of countries, including Sweden and Finland if they decide to join should be reassuring to the American people about our own security interests.” Equilibrium/Sustainability — Sprouting seeds a quarter-million miles away Health Care — White House to address infant formula shortage.
And certainly, having a strong partnership with a range of countries, including Sweden and Finland, if they decide to join, should be reassuring to the American people about our own security interests ... But I think this speaks to our longstanding relationship and military partnerships with Finland and Sweden.
After decades of staying out of military alliances, Finland and Sweden are about to decide whether to apply to join NATO, as a deterrent against aggression from Eastern neighbour Russia... Sweden, meanwhile, adopted an official policy of neutrality at the end of the Napoleonic wars of the early 19th century.
Sweden is also expected to announce its intention to join NATO in the coming days ... NATO officials have indicated that the accession protocols for Finland and Sweden could be signed at that time if the formal applications landed on NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg's desk by the end of May.